The aging process causes certain changes in the skin. As you grow older, collagen and elastin which are fibers that maintain skin tension tend to decrease in number. As a result, the skin becomes sluggish, thinning and losing fat, thus making it looks sagged. Sunlight is also one of the major causes of skin changes. Skin that is prone to sunburn can cause wrinkles on the skin.
Exposure to sunlight in adolescents or children can have a significant impact on the skin at the age of 30, 40 or 50 years. Therefore, the use of ultra-purple sunscreen is very important and is fundamental to skincare especially on the face.
Smoking is also a contributing factor to wrinkled skin, in addition to hereditary factors. There are several methods for treating signs of aging such as retinoic acid to repair the effects of sun damage. Meanwhile, fine lines caused by many years of facial expressions such as smiles, laughter or chewing can be treated with several other techniques, either by injection or laser.
Botulinum Toxin (botox) is a youthful treatment derived from clostridium botulinum. The ‘modern injection’ acts by inhibiting the production of acetylcholine neurotransmitters at the ends of the nerve that send muscle contraction signals. In short, it prevents nerves from conveying messages to muscles to shrink and relax.
In the history of the cosmetics industry, there has not been a single treatment that has grown so fast in a market like botox. Botox is a very important prescription drug that is only managed by qualified experts to avoid any risk.
Botox injection is used to treat and prevent wrinkles and enhance your face with youthful balance. In the form of a solution, Botulinum toxin relieves the muscles that cause wrinkles and lines. The main areas for injection are the forehead, between the eyebrows, and around the mouth. By preventing local nerve impulses to certain muscles in your face, even for a moment, Botox prevents you from controlling your facial expressions in an attempt to prevent the wrinkles that come with it. In the same way, when preventing excessive sweating, Botox inhibits the neurotransmitters that stimulate sweat glands.
The dosage, the number of injections, the parts of the body to be injected, and the frequency of treatment required depends on the patient’s condition and response to each individual after receiving the treatment. In most cases, the treatment will begin to appear within a few days to 2 weeks, and the effect will last for about 3 to 6 months which is temporary for a wrinkle solution.
Side effects that may occur during/after receiving a botulinum toxin injection are pain during swallowing (dysphagia), difficulty in speech (dysphonia), fatigue, and difficulty breathing. Other possible side effects, but rare are anxiety, back pain, fever, colds, neck pain, skin rash, and any visible changes to the skin’s surface. A study reported that some side effects occur a day after receiving treatment and some occur only a few weeks after receiving treatment.
Botox should be used only with the advice of a doctor. This product can be harmful if misused. Make sure your doctor is qualified in the field of dermatology, ear, nose, and throat (otolaryngology) or plastic surgery and the doctor has experience providing Botox treatment. A qualified doctor can give you advice on the procedure involved and can determine if the product is suitable for your use and health.
Before using this medicine, you should inform your doctor or pharmacist about all herbal medicines and health products that are currently being taken, especially some antibiotics, blood fluids, Alzheimer’s disease medications, medicines for myasthenia gravis and quinidine.